Sunday, 16 August 2015

Geocentricism - Can you help me to find some downloads?

Here is a list of works I'd like to read, in some cases there is just an author's name. I am after links to these works, and suggestions of other works concerning geocentricism. If you can help me with any of these I'd appreciate it very much (therationaliser at gmail.com).

·         Abū Yahyā Zakariyyā ibnMuhammad ibn Mahmūd al-Qazwīnī (c. 1203 – 1283 CE)
o   Kitāb ‛Ajāib alMakhlūqat wa Gharāib wa al-Mawjūdāt [“Marvels of Creatures and Rarities of the World”]
·         Al Farabi (872-951 AD)
o   The gathering of the ideas of the two philosophers
·         Shihāb al-Dīn Ahmad ibn Mājid ibn Muhammad al-Sa‛dī (15th/16th century)
o   Kitāb al-Fawā’id fī Ma‛rifad ‛ilm al-Bahr wa’l -Qawā’id [“Uses and Knowledge of Sea Science and Rules”]
·         Al Ghazzali (1058-1111 AD)
o   Incoherence of the Philosophers
o   Ihya' Ulum al-Din or Ihya'u Ulumiddin (The Revival of Religious Sciences)
·         Ulug Beg (1393-1449)
o   Zij-i Sultani (Presumably heliocentric)
·         Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Rushd AKA Averroes (1126-1198 AD)
o   {Author H Davidson}
o   Tahafut al-Tahafut
o   Decisive Treatise
·         Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi (1165-1240 AD)
o   Al-Futûhât al-makkiyya ("The Meccan Openings")
·         Walī al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan Ibn Khaldūn (1332-1406 AD)
o   Muqaddimah
·         Mani’s book of giants? (Cosmogony)
·         al-Farghani 9th CE (Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathir al-Farghani)
o   Kitāb fī Jawāmiʿ ʿIlm al-Nujūm (كتاب في جوامع علم النجوم A Compendium of the Science of the Stars) or Elements of astronomy on the celestial motions, written about 833
o   Jawami ilm al-nujum wa usul al karakat al-samawiyya
·         Rhazes 9th CE (Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi)
o   The Small Book on Theism
o   Response to Abu'al'Qasem Braw
o   The Greater Book on Theism
o   Modern Philosophy
o   Spiritual Medicine
o   The Philosophical Approach (Al Syrat al Falsafiah)
o   The Metaphysics
·         Vienna/Avicenna 10th CE (Ibn Sina / Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sīnā)
o   Kitāb al-shifā
o   Resāla fī ebṭāl aḥkām al-nojūm
o   Dānish nāma-i ʿalāʾī (Book of Knowledge)
·         al-Khujandi 10th CE, built observatory near Tehran in Iran (Abu-Mahmud Khojandi / Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi)
o   {Axial tilt, potentially heliocentrist)
o   On the obliquity of the ecliptic and the latitudes of the cities
·         al Battam (d. 929)
o   Science of the stars
·         Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī al-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī
o   Kitāb az-Zīj ("Book of Astronomical Tables")
·         Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (d. 1087)
o   Al Amal bi Assahifa Az-Zijia
o   Attadbir
o   Al Madkhal fi Ilm Annoujoum
o   Rissalat fi Tarikat Istikhdam as-Safiha al-Moushtarakah li Jamiâ al-ouroud
o   Almanac Arzarchel
·         Mu'ayyad al-Din al-'Urdi (d. 1266)
o   Kitāb al-Hayʾa, a work on theoretical astronomy
·         Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi (d. 1311)
o   Eḵtiārāt-e moẓaffari It is a treatise on astronomy
o   Nehāyat al-edrāk. The work was dedicated to Mozaffar-al-Din Bulaq Arsalan.
o   Fi ḥarakāt al-dahraja wa’l-nesba bayn al-mostawi wa’l-monḥani a written as an appendix to Nehāyat al-edrāk
o   Nehāyat al-edrāk - The Limit of Accomplishment concerning Knowledge of the Heavens (Nehāyat al-edrāk fi dirayat al-aflak) completed in 1281
o   Ketāb faʿalta wa lā talom fi’l-hayʾa, an Arabic work on astronomy, written for Aṣil-al-Din, son of Nasir al-Din Tusi
o   Šarḥ Taḏkera naṣiriya on astronomy.
o   Al-Tuḥfa al-šāhiya fi’l-hayʾa, an Arabic book on astronomy, having four chapters, written for Moḥammad b. Ṣadr-al-Saʿid, known as Tāj-al-Eslām Amiršāh
o   Ḥall moškelāt al-Majesṭi a book on astronomy, titled Ḥall moškelāt al-Majesṭi
·         Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (d. 1274) Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī
o   Al-Tadhkirah fi'ilm al-hay'ah – A memoir on the science of astronomy
o   Sharh al-Tadhkirah (A Commentary on al-Tadhkirah)
o   sharh al-isharat (Commentary on Avicenna's Isharat)
·         Ibn al-Haytham (11th CE)
o   Al-Shukuk ala Batlamyus (meaning "Doubts on Ptolemy") [Still geocentric]
·         al-Kindi (9th CE) Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī
o   The Book of the Judgement of the Stars
o   On the Stellar Rays
o   Treatise on the Judgement of Eclipses
o   On the Revolutions of the Years
o   Treatise on the Spirituality of the Planets
·         Ibn al-Shatir (D. 1375) Ala Al-Din Abu'l-Hasan Ali Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Shatir
o   Kitāb Nihāyat al-Suʾāl fī Taṣḥīḥ al-ʾUṣūl (كتاب نهاية السؤال في تصحيح الأصول The Final Quest Concerning the Rectification of Principles)
·         Ali Qushji (d. 1474) Ala al-Dīn Ali ibn Muhammed [Progressive, moving Earth]
o   A Latin translation of two of Qushji's works, the Tract on Arithmetic and Tract on Astronomy, was published by John Greaves in 1650.
·         al-Biruni
o   Al-Qānūn al-Masʿūdi (“The Masʿūdic Canon”)
o   Maqālīd ʿilm al-hayʾah (“Keys to Astronomy”)
o   Istīʿāb al-wujūh al-mumkinah fī ṣanʿat al-asṭurlāb (“Exhaustive Book on Astrolabes”)
o   Al-Tafhīm li-awāʾil ṣināʿat al-tanjīm (“Instruction in the Elements of the art of Astrology”)
o   Kitāb al-Āth ār al-Bāqiyya [“Chronology of Ancient Nations”]
·          al-Khwarizmi
o   Zij al-Sindhind (translated:al-Fazari, Yaqub ibn Tariq)
·         Al-'Abbas ibn Sa'id (9th CE) al-'Abbas ibn Sa'id al-Jawhari
o   Wrote a treatise – commentary on Euclid’s elements
·         Abu Sa'id al-Darir (9th CE) Abu Sa'id al-Darir al-Jurajani
·         Ahmed Al-Nahawandi (9th CE) Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahawandi [Jundishapur]
·         Habash al-Hasib (9th CE) Ahmad ibn 'Abdallah al-Marwazi
·         Sanad ibn 'Ali
·         Yahya ibn abi Mansur
·         Fī an laysa li‐ʾl‐arḍ ḥarakat intiqāl
·         Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī (d. 777)
·         Yaʿqūb ibn Ṭāriq (d. 796) يعقوب بن طارق;
o   Tarkīb al‐aflāk (تركیب الأفلاك, "Arrangement of the orbs")
·         Muḥammad ibn Ibrāhīm al-Fazārī (d. 796 or 806)
·         Mashallah ibn Athari (d. 815)
·         Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (d. 886)
o   "Introductorium in Astronomiam", a translation of the Arabic Kitab al-mudkhal al-kabir ila 'ilm ahkam an-nujjum, written in Baghdad in the year 848 A.D. It was translated into Latin first by John of Seville in 1133, and again, less literally and abridged, by Herman of Carinthia in 1140 A.D.
·         Al-Birjandi (d.1528) Abd Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Husayn Birjandi (Persian: عبدعلی مممدبن حسین بیرجندی)
·         Nur ad-Din al-Bitruji / Abu Ishâk ibn al-Bitrogi (d. 1204)
o   Kitāb al-Hayʾah (The book of theoretical astronomy/cosmology, Arabic, كتاب الهيئة)
§  translated into Latin by Michael Scot in 1217 as De motibus celorum

·         al batanni 9th – 10th

4 comments:

  1. Not quite what you asked for, but some hadiths on the subject...

    http://sunnah.com/muslim/1/306
    "emerging out from its rising place" طَالِعَةً مِنْ مَطْلِعِهَا
    "Rise up and emerge out from the place of your setting" طَالِعَةً مِنْ مَغْرِبِكِ

    literally its rising place matli'iha and literally your setting place maghribiki addressing the sun

    http://sunnah.com/muslim/1/303
    "the sun rises from the place of its setting" تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ مِنْ مَغْرِبِهَا

    http://sunnah.com/muslim/6/358
    "it sets between the horns of devil, and at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it."

    "‘O sun! You are under Allah’s Order and I am under Allah’s Order O Allah! Stop it (i.e. the sun) from setting.’ It was stopped till Allah made him victorious"
    http://sunnah.com/bukhari/57/33

    ReplyDelete
  2. I picked a random one to look for. You can read al Biruni's
    Al-Tafhīm li-awāʾil ṣināʿat al-tanjīm (“Instruction in the Elements of the art of Astrology”)

    here in English. Has section on astronomy, astrology etc. (I only viewed a few pages)
    http://menadoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/ssg/content/structure/1031770?query=biruni

    Page 330 seems geocentric (though even a modern astrologer (oxymoron?) might use such language I guess

    ReplyDelete
  3. Just realised pages 43,44 and no doubt others are very geocentric! Spheres for the sun and so on with earth in the middle! If you use the search feature on that site they have loads of scanned books of Biruni and probably others in your list (mostly in German though).

    ReplyDelete
  4. Spiritual Medicine of Rhazes:

    https://archive.org/details/TheSpiritualPhysickOfRhazes-ArthurJ.Arberry



    ReplyDelete