Monday, 16 March 2015

Abdullah Al Andalusi, BBC The Big Questions and Islamic apostasy

Abdullah Al Andalusi was a guest on BBC's The Big Questions show this Sunday (15th of March 2015, Series 8 episode 10) to discuss the subject "Do British Muslims have a problem with apostates?"  He was clearly unhappy with how things went on the show and was quick to write a blog post criticising reviewing the experience.

I thought I would criticise his criticisms review his review.

I’ve just finished the BBC ‘Big Questions’ program. It was, as expected, an anti-Islam fest, attacking Muslim families for not accepting children to leave Islam (despite lots of non-Muslim families rejecting their children for BECOMING Muslim).

I think people should be free to change their minds, and that this freedom should apply to people leaving Islam and to those joining it.  I don't think a twenty minute slot is sufficient to discuss anything more than a very small picture of a complex issue, and so it obviously would not have been possible to discuss both sides of the same coin.  I would like to see a show about the problems of becoming a Muslim or perhaps even better a one hour special covering the whole phenomenon of freedom to think; people changing / joining / leaving all kinds of religions, how their families and friends reacted etc. That would be very interesting indeed .Take note Mentorn Media!

The discussion was not "attacking Muslim families for not accepting children to leave Islam", it was  about Muslim families who do not accept their children leaving Islam, this is very different.  Abdullah's wording implies the discussion is about how Muslim families act in general, rather than how some families act, or even only some members within some families.  For the sake of brevity (20 minutes) this discussion was restricted to Islam and was to discuss whether or not there is a scriptural basis for these actions, whether they are mandated or not, whether they apply in Britain, and so on.  Perhaps it was Abdullah's misunderstanding of exactly who was being discussed is the reason he felt it was an attack of Muslim families and "an anti-Islam fest"?

They gave the discussion to an Ex-Muslim ‘Amal’, whom was given the lions share of time to attack Islam and Muslims, and ample time afterwards – so much so, it almost became the ‘Amal Show’

From the quick review I've just done (which wasn't all the way through) Amal had the longest time to talk (2 mins 40 seconds) followed by Usama Hassan who explained how death for disbelief was a concept that was introduced after Muhammad's death.

Lots of people shouted over each other, which made parts of the show very frustrating, and I would say the biggest culprits of this were Amal and Kate Smurthwaite.  The person who interrupted the least was Usama Hassan followed by Muhammad Shafiq.  If the best amongst us are those with the best of manners then, in that audience at that time, the Muslims were clearly the best amongst us.

Predictably when it came to me, Nicky Campbell asked the ‘yes or no question’, about whether I believed in a ‘apostasy law’. I responded robustly that I reject the translation ‘apostasy’, and they didn’t like it – not one bit. I approached the topic from outside the box that they wanted me to stay in.

After Amal claiming the phenomenon she personally experienced is founded in Islam why is it unreasonable to ask Abdullah if that claim is true?  Nicky asked a very clear question, "When all Shariah conditions apply in a perfect Shariah state should apostasy be a criminal offence?"  At this point Abdullah could easily have said something like "If you mean for simply leaving Islam then no."

Abdullah and I have discussed this and I know that he disagrees with the killing of people who decide to stop being Muslims.  At one point he called the show an inquisition, said he was only there to talk about issues (not people), and then said he refused to say if he condones or condemns specific beliefs.  When asked about FGM Abdullah felt confident to quickly condemn it.    So why did Abdullah give up the opportunity to give his opinion on Nicky Campbell's apostasy question?

The four major Sunni schools of thought on Islamic jurisprudence all agree that one may be executed by the state for simple actions such as refusing to pray, denying the Quran, or mocking Muhammad; which is why Muhammad Shafiq's promotion in Pakistan of Maajid Nawaz being an insulter of the Prophet was so dangerous.  This was seen by people as an incitement to violence against Maajid Nawaz.  Why?  Precisely because there is a problem with apostates, something Mr Shafiq would surely have known.

Abdullah's views are far more palatable than those of the majority, but they are not the majority's view.  Abdullah's sticking point here was something called "Ijma".

Ijma is a consensus, in the case of punishment for losing one's Islamic religion the consensus of the founders of the four major schools of Sunni Islam is death.  Even denying a ruling that is the consensus of the scholars is an offence punishable by....death!  This means that even if our unnamed fictitious country heralded in a perfect Caliphate running a perfect law system based on Shariah it would still be possible to have Muslims killed for openly professing a loss of their faith in Islam, or for making their disbelief manifest in other ways such as refusing to pray.

The best Abdullah could do at this point was to rally the troops by declaring the show an attack on Muslims, and then to disagree with the definition of the word Apostate.  Even when Usama Hassan repeated the question, reworded without the word Apostate, Abdullah still did not answer.  His objection clearly wasn't with the definition of the word Apostate, but with the answer he didn't want to reveal.

The first point was, that the title of the ‘Big Question’ is tritely and unoriginally another attack on the Muslim community in the UK: ‘Do British Muslims have a problem with apostates?’. It serves to further fuel the demonisation of Islam and Muslims in the UK – leading to more anti-Muslim social ostracism (which they were so upset about happening to ex-muslims!).

It wasn't an attack it was criticism, and it wasn't The Muslim Community but only individuals who act in a certain way.  The show was about a specific victim group, not one about all victims of any injustice one can think of on the spur of the moment.  This was a poor show of WhatAboutery In this second attempt to rally the troops to his aid Abdullah did exactly what he was accusing others of doing, he was making an Us vs Them scenario where the victims side of the argument is every Muslim in the UK.

The second point I made was that it was anti-Muslim and disingenuous to discuss Islamic State law and connect it to the issue of Britain. 0 ex-Muslims have been killed in the UK, that’s right 0 – so how does this relate to so-called death penalties claimed of Islamic law?

Abdullah seems to be claiming that as long as nobody is killed we shouldn't openly discuss the fact that there is a group of people who others believe should be killed.  The discussion was about British Muslims' opinions about apostates, not how many apostates have been killed in the UK.  Ostracisation from one's family, being spat at, beaten up, are these not problems worthy of discussion?

In fact Abdullah is wrong.  This news article from 1989 tells the story of a Muslim man in Birmingham, UK, who killed his daughter for apostatising and becoming a Jehovah's Witness.  It says...

Malik had threatened several days earlier to kill his daughter unless she returned to Islam...She refused his demands to acknowledge Allah, so he deliberately killed her as he said he would

Is it okay to discuss attitudes towards Muslim apostates now, or is this somehow irrelevant because it's only one case and was over 25 years ago? Is it anti-Muslim to mention this, or should I get credit for noting that the murderer's wife and sister opposed his actions and tried to calm the situation down by getting the victim to placate her father? Which part of this event can we discuss without it being anti-Muslim?  Nobody is saying Muslims are killing apostates left, right, and centre, we are asking if this denigrating attitudes towards apostates is based in Islam, and whether or not we can do something to solve it.

I can't help but wonder how many murders for un-Islamic behaviour have been classified as "Honour Killings"?

The points I made were valid, but I was accused of being ‘slippery’ and avoiding answering the question. NO

Abdullah, you did avoid the question! You resorted to accusing the show of victimising Muslims in general, and diverting to the subject to one of accurate translation rather than addressing the social affect.  Death for apostasy is the majority view, you cannot deny this fact, and you cannot pretend you didn't know it without losing credibility as a Muslim debater.  When Abdullah first wrote his review on Facebook I added two comments, one linking to my blog on the jurists' rulings for apostasy and another asking him to discuss it with me.  He deleted the comment which linked to the evidence.

If you really are willing to answer the question then that's great.  Here it is:


The factual answer is "No", it is legal for the state to kill these people.  If you would like to explain why you disagree with the majority position then please blog about it, convince others, that's what many people want.  To change something, you first have to admit it needs changing.

UPDATE: The Big Questions posted these statistics on March 18th


3 comments:

  1. "His objection clearly wasn't with the definition of the word Apostate, but with the answer he didn't want to reveal".

    Can you clarify what do you think the answer he didn't want to reveal is?

    1) Is it that he knows there actually is a problem with apostasy in Muslim communities but doesn't want to admit it and confront it because it will put both him and Islam in a bad light. It would be bad for him because it would be revealed that he disagrees with the teachings within the 4 major schools of Sunni Islam and would be seen as a bit of a maverick by other Muslims which may have negative effects for him and his community standing. And it would be bad publicity for Islam because it would be a well known Muslim who is admitting there is a problem within Islamic teachings and Muslim communities.

    OR

    2) Is it that he actually believes apostasy should be a criminal and punishable offence in a state under Sharia and he doesn't want viewers to know this is what he really believes? (i,e, the apostasy being a bad translation excuse was just him trying to avoid giving his real view).

    If it is number 1 then does this mean that Andalusi is admitting there is a big problem within Muslims communities in terms of what Muslims understand by apostasy? This is the first I have heard a Muslim claim that using the word apostasy is not a good translation.

    I didn't quite understand his use of the word "nifaq" in his blog post. A quick search tells me "Nifaq" means "to conceal unfaith but declare faith" (a hypocrite). Which would mean someone who is secretly an apostate. I guess he means more someone who pretends to be Muslim but then spreads anti-Islamic things. But there seems to be a real danger of going from one problem in translation and understanding Islam (i.e. his claim that "apostate" is a mistranslation) to another potential problem in misunderstanding. It could easily be construed that a muslim who loses his faith but keeps this to himself/herself is "Nafiq" (out of fear of family disowning or other punishment) deserves to be punished. If this is the case then it seems to me it would just be the common tactic of religion piling on the guilt. Andalusi's thoughts on this seem to lead to a damned if you do, damned if you don't situation. It makes things worse for ex-muslims who are unable to come out because of fear I think.

    He also needs to make it clear what he means exactly by "seditious/renegade/treasonous". One could easily make the argument that Amal Farah fits the renegade definition. This kind of language really highlights how political an ideology Islam is.

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    1. In a Skype chat after our public discussion he made it clear that he is against the idea of people being killed for losing belief in Islam. He also made it clear that he knows the majority scholar opinion is the opposite of his own. He said he didn't want to admit it in public because some people might use it as ammunition against Muslims.


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  2. Andalusi is either a liar or completely ignorant of the teachings of Orthodox Islam. His concocted definition of Apostasy is nowhere to be found in Islamic texts. In fact to shield and camouflage these barbaric practices embedded in Islamic traditions, he any many like him in Britain conflate Apostacy (Riddah) with ‘waging war against Allah and his Messenger’.
    Following is an excerpt from Islam Q&A clearly outlining what constitutes:
    “… 1 – Riddah (apostasy) refers to when a Muslim becomes a disbeliever by saying a clear statement to that effect, or by uttering words which imply that (i.e., which imply kufr or disbelief), or he does something that implies that (i.e., an action which implies kufr or disbelief).
    2 – What constitutes apostasy
    The matters which constitute apostasy are divided into four categories:
    (a) Apostasy in beliefs, such as associating others with Allaah, denying Him, or denying an attribute which is proven to be one of His attributes, or by affirming that Allaah has a son. Whoever believes that is an apostate and a disbeliever.
    (b) Apostasy in words, such as insulting Allaah or the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
    (c) Apostasy in actions, such as throwing the Qur’an into a filthy place, because doing that shows disrespect towards the words of Allaah, so it is a sign that one does not believe. Other such actions include prostrating to an idol or to the sun or moon.
    (d) Apostasy by omission, such as not doing any of the rituals of Islam, or turning away from following it altogether.
    3 – What is the ruling on the apostate?
    If a Muslim apostatizes and meets the conditions of apostasy – i.e., he is of sound mind, an adult and does that of his own free will – then his blood may be shed with impunity. He is to be executed by the Muslim ruler or by his deputy – such as the qaadi or judge, and he is not to not be washed (after death, in preparation for burial), the funeral prayer is not to be offered for him and he is not to be buried with the Muslims.
    The evidence that the apostate is to be executed is the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “Whoever changes his religion, execute him.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2794). What is meant by religion here is Islam (i.e., whoever changes from Islam to another religion).
    The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not permissible to shed the blood of a Muslim who bears witness that there is no god except Allaah and that I am His Messenger, except in one of three cases: a soul for a soul (i.e., in the case of murder); a married man who commits adultery; and one who leaves his religion and splits form the jamaa’ah (main group of Muslims).” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6878; Muslim, 1676)
    See al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 22/180.
    Thus it will be clear to you that execution of the apostate is something that is commanded by Allaah, when he commanded us to obey the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
    “O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority” [al-Nisa’ 4:59]
    And the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has commanded us to execute the apostate as in the hadeeth quoted above: “Whoever changes his religion, execute him.”…”

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